A Brief History of my 1930 Leica I/III

I stopped into my local camera repair shop last week to retrieve my Leitz Summarit which got damaged during my family trip to Disney earlier this year.  Lev, the shop-owner told me that he had something I might be interested in.  He brought out a little black Barnack Leica and I tried my best to keep cool but I’m sure he could see right through my act!

© 2017 Johnny Martyr

Originally, black Leica cameras were considered “economy models”, whereas the chrome bodies were more costly due to the durability of their finish.  Ironically, in the 21st century, black paint bodies have become more fashionable.  When you buy a new Leica MP, for example, the black model costs the same as the chrome model, despite it being a much more easily damaged and easier to apply finish.  And when it comes to vintage Leica cameras, black bodies almost always carry a premium.

Collectors pay top dollar for nearly unworn black bodies but for me, well-brassed black bodies are more desirable.

© 2017 Johnny Martyr | The rangefinder & viewfinder windows on Barnack Leicas are separate.  Earlier models are further apart than newer ones.  My 1947 IIIc has the closer windows and I think I prefer the further ones of the I/III as it makes differentiating them quicker

Personally, I love to see vintage black cameras on which the enamel is worn in all the places a shooter handled it, not from abuse or damage, but purely from regular use.  The shiny brass peeking through the black paint seems to punctuate the silhouette of a classic camera and speaks of how the camera has been used, and hopefully enjoyed, for decades.  Worn paint can tell you if the shooter used the camera on a tripod frequently or if the camera was mostly handheld.  If they used accessories or not.  Sometimes what settings were used more than others.  And overall, you can see how MUCH the camera was used by wear to necessary places such as the film advance and edges.  It’s proof that an historic camera participated in history, not just watched from the sidelines.

© 2017 Johnny Martyr | SN: 21820, wow!  Leica wasn’t even close to building 100,000 cameras yet!

So anyway, needless to say, I bought the I/III from Lev.  He gave me a very good price being that I’ve frequented his shop for pushing two decades now!

Maybe you’re wondering why I’m calling this camera a I/III instead of a I or a III?  I will get to that!

According to its very low serial number, 21820, this black beauty was built in 1930 as a Leica I (C).  It did not originally have rangefinder focusing but it was the first year for Leica I’s to have standardized interchangeable lenses.

Previously, every lens had to be calibrated to match a specific camera body.  You couldn’t run around buying and selling additional lenses, as we do now, without time-consuming assistance from Leica.  This universal interchangeability is indicated by the “0” engraved on the lens mount.  This was a very pivotal moment in Leica and camera history because it opened the door for the massive, nuanced, seemingly endless, lens systems we see today.

© 2017 Johnny Martyr |”O” is apparently for “Interchangeable”

Around 1935, this already groundbreaking Leica I (C) was returned to the Leica factory in Wetzler, Germany for some serious upgrades.

It received strap anchors, slow shutter speeds and, of critical note, the rangefinder mechanism of Leica II and III bodies.  This was the rangefinder focusing system that Leica would become known for and which would propel photography into modernity with the ability to use faster lenses with shallow depth of field and fast, accurate focusing.  This camera was on the forefront of contemporary photography as we know it!  Need I begin reciting all the reasons why Leica revolutionized photography?  Well, this camera embodies that revolution!

© 2017 Johnny Martyr

Back to the earlier question though, because this Leica I (C) was converted to a III and is not an original I (C) or an original III, we call it a I/III conversion.   Shout out to Leica expert and amazing photographer, Vince Lupo for putting a name on this concept for me!

Note that this Leica I/III features glossy black paint only on the top and bottom plates but all the controls are unpainted.  The shutter release and collar are chrome but the strap anchors, advance knob, shutter dials and rewind knob are all finished in nickel, not chrome.  So unlike something such as a black Nikon F which has the same “leftover” chrome controls as a chrome F, the I/III actually has different controls than a chrome body, specifically finished for this camera.  Nickel finishes were also not as durable as chrome and wore down to the brass more quickly.  However, nickel is a bit more unusual a finish and has a nice champagne-tinted warmth to it.

© 2017 Johnny Martyr | Nickel knobs are worn down to the brass but the chrome shutter release is still fully intact

My I/III came equipped with a 5cm f2 Summar which was built in 1935.  It is also finished in nickel to match this older body at a time when Leica’s new lenses and bodies were finished in chrome only.  It’s cool that this special lens and body have probably remained together for 82 years!

50/2 lenses may seem pedestrian today, but the Summar was a super fast lens in the 1930’s and it was apparently on back order for most of 1932 according to Ken Rockwell.  The newly fitted rangefinder got a workout with this fast lens!

© 2017 Johnny Martyr | The Summar is uncoated and riddled with cleaning marks and wear yet still renders a beautiful image!

Between its generous brassing, upgrade to a faster lens and rangefinder focusing, it’s easy to see that this I/III has always been a user, never a shelf queen.  And in fact, the VF/RF windows are beautifully clear and shutter speeds from 1 second to 1/500th sound dead on.  It has probably been in use most of its life and I will continue that tradition!

It’s nothing short of inspirational to shoot with this low serial number I/III while considering all its been through.  Below are a few images I’ve shot with the I/III and Summar lens on Tri-X, processed in HC110b.

© 2017 Johnny Martyr | Leica I/III | Leitz 5cm Summar | Kodak Tri-X 400 | Kodak HC110b | Epson V500


© 2017 Johnny Martyr | Leica I/III | Leitz 5cm Summar | Kodak Tri-X 400 | Kodak HC110b | Epson V500


© 2017 Johnny Martyr | Leica I/III | Leitz 5cm Summar | Kodak Tri-X 400 | Kodak HC110b | Epson V500
© 2017 Johnny Martyr | Leica I/III | Leitz 5cm Summar | Kodak Tri-X 400 | Kodak HC110b | Epson V500

Thanks so much for reading!

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44 thoughts on “A Brief History of my 1930 Leica I/III

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  1. My first Leica was a 111f. It is the reason I first learned to develop film and start a darkroom. That was 50 years ago. I have owned and used numerous cameras over the years, every film size up to 8X10. No Leica at present…a Pentax K-1 with two “Limited” lenses and a Nikon S3 with 3.5, 5, 10.5. That’s all I need at present (a flatbed scanner of course). If you are in Austin, check out the great people at Holland Photo for processing needs.

    Liked by 1 person

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